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Episode #4: Coming Together

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Dr. Carolyn Lennox

Carolyn Lennox, Ph.D., C.Psych., joins us to discuss the changing landscape and importance of school-based mental health services, her career trajectory into School Psychology, the value in following your passion and interests, and so much more!


Dr. Carolyn Lennox is a registered Clinical and School Psychologist, and current Manager of Psychology Services in the Toronto District School Board, West Region, Learning Centre 4.   She received her M.Phil. in Clinical Psychology at the University of London, England and completed her Ph.D. in Clinical-Developmental Psychology at York University. She is a member of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) and the Ontario Psychological Association (OPA), as well as the Executive Committee of the Psychology in Education section of OPA. Dr. Lennox is the president of the Association of Chief Psychologists with Ontario School Boards and co-chair of the Cross-Sectoral Psychology Working Group on Learning Disabilities, which resulted in the OPA Guidelines for Assessment and Diagnosis. Her past work experience includes Manager of Clinical Services at the Geneva Centre for Children with Autism, and School Psychologist with the Peel District School Board where she was a member of the Autism Team providing system-wide professional development on ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). Dr. Lennox also served as Board Liaison for the program standards pilot on PDD (Pervasive Developmental Disorder)/ASD which focused on curriculum, instruction and special education support services. Additionally, she is a past member of the Board of Directors of the OPA. Dr. Lennox’s clinical interests include Autism, Learning Disabilities, dyslexia and the reading process, and resilience.



  • The changing needs of school-aged children for psychological services over Dr. Lennox’s career thus far

  • How mental health services have begun to adapt to the needs of a diverse community, including the development and delivery of school-based mental health services

  • The development of the updated Learning Disability guidelines for diagnosis and assessment in Ontario

  • Why it is important to talk about and consider mental health in the school system

  • Carolyn’s reflections on the connections and links between different opportunities and jobs she has had and how they’ve built on and enriched each other

  • Dr. Lennox’s career trajectory: from “Superman” to School Psychology

  • The importance of following your passion and interests



  • Find out more about the Ontario Psychological Association (OPA) and the governing body of psychologists in Ontario, the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO)

  • Learn about the OPA Guidelines for Diagnosis and Assessment of Learning Disabilities

  • Find out more about the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario (LDAO)

  • School Mental Health Ontario

  • What is a school psychologist?

  • What is a psychological assessment?

  • CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) is a structured, time-limited, problem-focused and goal oriented form of psychotherapy. CBT helps people learn to identify, question and change how their thoughts, attitudes and beliefs relate to the emotional and behavioural reactions that cause them difficulty. Find out more here.

  • “WISC” refers to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

  • “DSM-5” refers to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Fifth Edition)

  • “CLD” is used in this interview as an abbreviation for “culturally and linguistically diverse”

  • The Toronto Area Residency Consortium (TARC) is a pre-doctoral school, clinical and counselling psychology internship training program, hosted by OISE/University of Toronto, with both child and adult focused tracks. 

  • The Ontario Child Health Study

  • “PISA” refers to the Program for International Student Assessment run by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives.

  • “TDSB” refers to the Toronto District School Board; “The board” is used in this interview in reference to a school board (e.g., TDSB, Peel District School Board)

  • “The Ministry’ is used in this interview in reference to the Ontario Ministry of Education

  • “Pollyannaish” is an expression to describe putting a positive spin on everything, even things that call for sadness or discouragement. The word comes from a 1913 children's book by Eleanor H. Porter, Pollyanna, about a young girl who tries to find something positive in every situation.

  • Find out more about The Geneva Centre for Autism

  • Colleagues mentioned: Esther Geva, Judy Weiner and Sir Michael Rutter


Get the transcript of this episode HERE